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The Truth About Slavery “They” Don’t Want Us to Know

Our nation doesn’t have a great record on the subject of race, and feelings run deep on this issue. Much of what we know and believe about slavery came from a miniseries we watched in the 70s, Roots, written by Alex Haley. It  followed the family blood line of Kunta Kinte. It started when black slave traders kidnapped him and transported him on a slave ship to a land of heartache and cruelty. I will never forget anxiously waiting every day until it was time to watch this movie over a span of several days. We were mesmerized by the young black man who was chased down by 4 blacks, sold to European slave traders, and brought to American in the 1700’s. While the movie was a combination of fact and fiction it kept us glued to the television for all 9 ½ hours.

All the talk about racism lately got me curious. Our national identity is rooted in the history of slavery. When I checked out slavery, I discovered many things the schools never taught us about the Atlantic slave trade that carried 12-15 million blacks from their homes in central and western Africa to Europe, South America, the West Indies and the United States between the 16th and the 19th centuries.

I found that the slave trade had been going on for centuries before the Europeans got involved and started bringing slaves to the New World. Many of the people the slave traders sold were captives or slaves already. When one tribe conquered another, the survivors were hauled off to be used as slaves. These, in turn, were sold to the Europeans.

The Portuguese were the first to engage in the New World slave trade, and others soon followed. The Atlantic slave traders, in order of most to the least trade volume, were: the Portuguese, the British, the French, the Spanish, the Dutch, and the Americans. They had established outposts on the African coast where they purchased slaves from local African tribal leaders.

This map depicts the forced movement of millions of enslaved Africans to the Americas over a period of four centuries. Most of the enslaved people ended up in South America or the Caribbean while nearly 500,000 went to North America (or about 5% of all the slaves brought to the Western Hemisphere).

slave-trade-map1

Almost all of the enslaved Africans worked as plantation laborers or in mining, and most of those in the Caribbean and Central and South America died from the harshness of the work, and the brutality of their living conditions. They went to sugar colonies in the Caribbean and to Brazil, where life expectancy was short, and the numbers had to be continually replenished.

Because of better food, less disease, lighter workloads, and better medical care slaves lived much longer in the U.S. They are the only ones who reproduced and formed their own culture since their life expectancy was the same as whites and living conditions were better than those of other nations. That’s why there are not large black populations in South America and the other slave cultures.

Therefore, their numbers grew much quicker than anywhere outside of Africa because there were more births over deaths. By the 1860 Census, there were 4 million slaves in the U.S. From 1770 until 1860, the population of North American slaves was much greater than the population of any nation in Europe, and grew almost twice as fast as England.

In Africa, European traders dealt with African suppliers, seldom capturing the slaves themselves. The practice of slavery had been in operation in Africa and central Europe for centuries prior to the redirection of the trade to the Americas. Muslim slave traders from Arabia and Turkey, for example, had transported enslaved Africans and Europeans into South East Asia and the Iberian Peninsula for centuries.

Although the international slave trade was prohibited from 1808, internal slave-trading continued, and the slave population would eventually peak at four million before abolition. Of all 1,515,605 families in the 15 slave states in 1860, nearly 400,000 held slaves (roughly one in four), amounting to 8% of all American families.

The first 19 or so blacks arrived ashore near Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619, brought by Dutch traders who had seized them from a captured Spanish slave ship. The Spanish usually baptized slaves in Africa before embarking them, and English law considered baptized Christians exempt from slavery, so these Blacks joined about 1,000 English indentured servants already in the colony. Some achieved freedom and owned land. Anthony Johnson, a free black, later owned the American Colonies’ first true slave.

I don’t remember hearing any of these detail in Roots. I was certainly never taught in school that only 5% of the slaves brought across the Atlantic went to the United States. I was lead to believe that Americans built ships and went after them themselves. I found some intriguing figures when I started tracking where they took the slaves. Between 1664 and 1830 the British took 1,900,000 to their Colonies in the Caribbean, the French 1,650,000, and the Dutch carried 900,000 to Guyana and West Indies. During this same time, there were 500,000 taken to America. It would appear that the history revisionists have been much busier than any of us had ever imagined.

Racism has become such a hot button issue that you can’t turn on the television, open a newspaper, or start up your computer without seeing race baiters stirring up strife and resentment among people who are tired of being called racists. I am not a racist, and I would daresay that most people who are reading these words are not guilty of racism either.

Racism is simply a belief or doctrine usually involving the idea that one’s own race is superior and has the right to rule others; or hatred or intolerance of another race or other races. I wrote an article a while back, pointing out that there are only four Racial Classifications, and they are based on cranial structure. Again, they are:

  1. Caucasian (WHITE) – (also Caucasoid) is the general physical type of some or all of the populations of Europe, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, Western, Central and South Asia. Historically, the term was used for many people from these regions, without regard necessarily to skin tone.
  2. Negroid (BLACK) – is a term that is used by some forensic and physical anthropologists to refer to individuals and populations that share certain morphological and skeletal traits that are usually associated with Black African ancestry. The term has both Greek and Latin roots.
  3. Mongoloid (ORIENTAL) – refers to populations that share certain phenotypic traits such as epicanthic fold and shovel-shaped incisors and other physical traits common in most of Asia (including Central Asia, South Asia, North Asia, etc.), the Arctic, the Americas and most of the Pacific Islands. In terms of population, they are the most prominent race – more than one third of human race.
  4. Mixed (BI-RACIAL-any combination of the first 3)

Based on this scientific Racial Classification, because Barack Obama had a Caucasian mother, and a Negroid father, he is mixed/bi-racial no matter how much he says he is black (Negroid) he is not.

The internet went crazy last year when Congressman Charley Rangel called the Tea Party “White Crackers” in an interview with the Daily Beast.

“It is the same group we faced in the South with those white crackers and the dogs and the police,” he said. “They didn’t care about how they looked. It was just fierce indifference to human life that caused America to say enough is enough.”

What Rangel and his depraved friends never say is that the group they faced in the South were the Democrats who fought long and hard to keep them slaves, and fought the Republican’s efforts to establish civil rights for blacks.

As much as Charlie Rangel hates whites, he is a mixture from a Puerto Rican father and a black mother which, like Barack Obama, he too is mixed/bi-racial. He is not black. Just because one’s parents are different races, doesn’t mean you get to choose what race you are. You are white, black, oriental, or mixed.

It would seem that if we look at the definition of racism, the idea that one’s own race is superior and has the right to rule others; or hatred or intolerance of another race or other races, it is quite obvious who are the real racists.

We have been bombarded with images of black slaves on plantations and whites whipping and selling them for so long we have been convinced that the United States was the only country in the world who ever owned slaves. We have been lead to believe that we are guilty of all the criticism being heaped upon us by the frauds and phony race baiters in Washington and throughout the world.

While slavery was a disgrace to America and certainly no man should own another, only 5% of the slaves transported from Africa were brought here. And as stated earlier their living conditions were better than the other 14,500,000 who died in the mines and sweat shops in Europe and South America. Does that make it right? Certainly not, but it’s time for people to hear the truth. It’s time for people like Barack Obama, Al Sharpton, Jesse Jackson, Eric Holder, and Charlie Rangel to be exposed as racists. Remember the old saying gentlemen, “When you point your finger at me, you have 3 pointing back at you.”

Dr. Sharon Schuetz
About Dr. Sharon Schuetz (117 Articles)
Co-Founder / Managing Editor/Author - Dr. Sharon Schuetz has a PhD in clinical Christian counseling. She was Administrator for Cornerstone University, Lake Charles, LA while teaching the graduate program classes for two-years. She served as the national Women’s Ministry Director for her denomination's and District Youth President for the state New Mexico. She organized and spoke at youth camps, marriage retreats, and women's retreats. Dr. Schuetz had a local weekly television show, in Farmington NM called Issues of Our Time, where she interviewed state and local politicians, educators, and leaders from across the state and from different Indian tribes. Dr. Schuetz counseled abused and neglected children and teens for the New Mexico's largest children's home, Four Corners Home for Children in Farmington, NM. She has helped hundreds of couples build stronger relationships through counseling, seminars, workshops, conferences, retreats, and books. She and her husband of 39 years, Michael, have three children and ten grandchildren.
  • Charles Batchelor

    Very well done, I didn’t know most of this.

    • cspanjunkie1

      I did, learned a lot of this in school (but I am 61 and school was more focused on teaching history, reading,writing and math back then)

  • momazilla

    There is only one species, one race: THE HUMAN RACE! It is time we start acting like it.

    • Frank Jaeger

      No there is not and that is the problem!! people should accept others for who they are not pertinent that there is no difference !! And people should be proud of their own heritage what aver it is!! Technically it is races to group every one in one group!!!

      • Kevin

        Being proud of your race infers that you believe that your race is superior to others.

        • Frank Jaeger

          Hypothetically speaking! #1 A special Ed teacher is so proud of her special needs student that is 22 years old that just learned how to tie their shoes! Dose she think that the student is the best shoe tier? I am sorry you are so disappointed with your heritage.

        • dan vitale

          Being proud does not necessarily infer superiority. Frank said it well. I can be proud of myself but at the same time I realize I’m not the smartest, richest, strongest, etc.

  • Lee

    One point: the muslims were engaged in slavery before any Europeans. In fact anyone in their path, even whites, were enslaved. Free Blacks & Native Americans had slaves too in this country too. I agree with the post before mine, there is one race, the Human race. Go back far enough, and we’re all related, wish people could get that fact!
    There is a book I highly recommend: Black Yellowdogs by Ben Kinchlow. If everyone would read it, there would be an entirely different thought in this country about slavery & issues of color!

    • dan vitale

      Ancient Greeks held slaves.

  • Ronaldo

    Um, there are large black populations that formed in Recife Brazil and the Dominican Republic as well as other areas. Do some research.

  • fbanta

    Much of what Dr. Schuetz presents is correct. For a fact-based evaluation of American Slavery see “Time on the Cross” by Fogel and Engerman. It will change everything popularly believed about the life and treatment of slaves in America.

  • jsteele98

    Shhhhh. Inxay on the uthtray.

    “It ain’t what you don’t know that gets you into trouble. It’s what you know for sure that just ain’t so.”
    …. Mark Twain

  • http://daveposh.org/ Dave Posh

    Slavery? When will they start teaching the REAL History?

    LET’S GET HISTORY RIGHT – from 1862 to 1871

    1/1/1863 – Emancipation Proclamation. Begin to implement the
    Republicans confiscation act of 1862. The Democratic party continues to
    support slavery

    2/9/1864 – Susan B Anthony & Elizabeth
    Stanton deliver over 100,000 signatures to US Senate supporting the
    Republican plan for constitutional amendment to ban slavery.

    6/15/1864 – Republican congress votes for equal pay for African American troops serving in the US army.

    6/28/1864 – Republican majority in congress repeals the fugitive slave act.

    10/29/1864 – African American Abolitionist Sojourner Truth says of
    President Lincoln, “i was never treated by anyone with more kindness
    than he has shown me”.

    1/31/1865 – The 13th Amendment banning
    slavery passed the US House with unanimous Republican support and
    intense Democratic opposition. The Republican support: 100%, the
    Democratic Party support: 23%.

    3/3/1865 – Republican Congress
    establishes Freeman’s Bureau to provide healthcare, education, and
    technical assistance to emancipated slaves. That’s the Republican
    Congress.

    4/8/1865 – The 13th Amendment banning slavery passed Senate. Republican support: 100%, Democratic support: 37%.

    6/19/1865 – US troops land in Galveston Texas to force a ban on slavery
    that has been declared for more than 2 years by the Emancipation
    Proclamation.

    11/22/1865 – Republicans denounce Democratic
    legislature of Mississippi for enacting “black codes” which
    institutionalize racial discrimination.

    1866 – Republican Party passes the Civil Rights Act of 1866, to protect the rights of newly freed slaves.

    12/6/1865 – The Republican Party’s 13th Amendment banning slavery is ratified.

    1865 – The KKK launches as a “terrorist arm” of the Democratic Party

    2/5/1866 – US Representative Thaddeus Stevens, Republican from
    Pennsylvania, introduces legislation, successfully opposed by Democratic
    President Andrew Johnson, to implement 40 acres and a mule relief by
    distributing land to former slaves – it was stopped by the Democrats.

    4/9/1866 – Republican Congress overrides Democratic President Johnson’s
    veto of the civil rights act of 1866, conferring rights of citizenship
    on African Americans and it becomes law.
    The Democratic president vetoed the civil rights act. The Republicans stood when they knew what they were all about.

    4/19/1866 – Thousands assemble in Washington DC to celebrate Republican Party’s abolition of slavery.

    5/10/1866 – US House passes Republican’s 14th Amendment guaranteeing
    due process and equal protection of the laws to all citizens. 100% of
    the Democrats voted NO.

    7/16/1866 – Republican Congress
    overrides Democratic President Andrew Johnson’s veto of the Freemen’s
    Bureau Act that protects former slaves from “black codes”, denying their
    rights.

    7/28/1866 – Republican Congress authorizes the formation
    of the Buffalo soldiers, two regiments of African American Calvary men.

    7/30/1866 – Democratic controlled city of New Orleans orders police to
    storm racially integrated Republican meetings. The raid kills 40, and
    wounds more than 150.

    1/8/1867 – Republicans override Democratic
    President Johnson’s veto of a law granting voting rights to African
    Americans in D.C.

    7/19/1867 – Republican Congress overrides the veto of legislation protecting the voting rights of all African Americans

    3/30/1868 – Republicans begin impeachment trial of President Andrew
    Johnson, who declared, “This country is for white men and by god, as
    long as I’m President, it shall be a government of white men.”

    5/20/1868 – Republican National Convention marks the debut of an African
    American politician, in fact many. Two of them, Pinckney Pinchback and
    James Harris attended as delegates and several served as Presidential
    Electors.

    7/9/1868 – The 14th Amendment passes and recognizes
    newly freed slaves as US citizens. Republican Party support: 94%.
    Democratic Party support: 0%.

    9/3/1868 – 25 African Americans in
    Georgia legislature, all Republicans, expelled by Democratic majority,
    later reinstated by Republican Congress.

    9/12/1868 – Civil rights
    activist, Tunis Campbell and all other African Americans in the Georgia
    Senate, everyone a Republican, expelled by Democratic majority. They
    were later reinstated by Republican Congress.

    9/28/1868 –
    Democrats in Louisiana murder nearly 300 African Americans who tried to
    prevent an assault against a Republican newspaper editor. (See “Note”
    near end.)

    10/7/1868 – Republicans denounce Democratic Party’s
    National Campaign Theme, “This is a white man’s country, let white men
    rule. We’re the Democratic Party.”

    10/22/1868 – While campaigning
    for reelection, the Republican, James Hinds, is assassinated by
    Democratic terrorists who are organized as the KKK.

    11/3/1868 –
    Republican Ulysses Grant defeats Democratic Seymour in a presidential
    election. Seymour has denounced the Emancipation Proclamation.

    12/10/1869 – Republican Governor John Campbell of Wyoming Territory
    signs the first in-nation law granting the right of women to vote and
    hold office.

    2/3/1870 – US House ratified the 15th Amendment. Democratic support: 3%. Republican support: 97%.

    2/25/1870 – Hiram Rhodes becomes the first black seated in the US Senate.

    2/28/1871 – Republican Congress passes the Enforcement Act, providing federal protection for African American voters.

    3/22/1871 – Spartanburg Republican newspaper denounces the Klan. The
    Klan planned to eradicate the Republican Party in South Carolina.

    “Note” Returning to 9/28/1868…

    A mob of Democrats massacred nearly 300 African American Republicans in
    Louisiana. It began when racist Democrats attacked a newspaper editor, a
    white Republican, and a school teacher, for ex-slaves. Several African
    Americans rushed to the assistance of their friends and in response
    Democrats “went on a Negro hunt” killing every African American, all of
    whom were Republicans, as all African Americans at the time were.

    4/20/1871 – The Republican Congress enacts the Ku Klux Klan Act,
    outlawing the Democratic party terrorist group, which oppressed African
    Americans.

    That’s who these people were.
    (from Glenn Beck Radio, 1st ½ hour, April 28, 2015)

    • http://batman-news.com TruthFinder

      Yep, the GOP of the 1860’s were more like the Democrats of the 1960’s. So what’s your point?

  • historyshowsus

    What was neglected in this article, despite mentioning Anthony Johnson, was that the blacks that came to Jamestown were NOT slaves. They were indentured servants whose “slavery” was temporary as payment for their transportation to the colonies. Actual slavery was illegal in the colonies by UK law…..until Mr Johnson finally, after repeatedly petitioning the government, was allowed to keep his indentured servant as a permanent slave.
    Also not mentioned is that a large number of slave owners were themselves black. Many of them were very wealthy. In the census of 1830 there were almost 3500 free blacks who owned a total of almost 13,000 black slaves. John Carruthers Stanley of North Carolina had three turpentine plantations and owned 163 black slaves. he was a harsh owner and had no problem with splitting up families in pursuit of profit. The widow Richards in LA and her son were black sugar plantation owners who owned 152 black slaves. Antoine Dubuclet, another sugar plantation owner had over 100 black slaves. In 1860 his net worth was a quarter of a million dollars when yearly income was less than $4000. In 2015 dollars that is over $70 million.
    Treatment of many immigrant nationalities was much worse than the treatment of slaves. Irish immigrants were beaten, raped and lynched as were Asians. There is very little reason for a slave owner to treat their valuable property as poorly as legal immigrants who took their jobs and had no financial value to them were treated.
    Also often neglected, as it was here, is that in the early 1800s the US created the Africa squadron which was a small squadron of ships whose SOLE purpose was to disrupt and enforce the anti slave policies of the US and it’s prohibition on importation of slaves.
    Almost from the founding of this country American policy has been anti-slave and not the “Slave Nation” that blacks want you to believe we were.

    Roots: As it turns out was MOSTLY fictionalized and Alex Haley got in deep doo-doo over both his plagiarization and lying about his own “roots”.

    • dan vitale

      And many whites, as criminals, were shipped to America to work in indentured servitude as punishment.

  • s rider

    also, no one ever brings up the Barabary coast slave trade. How about how the British rounded up millions of Irish and Scots and sold them as slaves from the 16th to the 17th centuries. The could be purchased for as little as 5 schillings and were not treated well because unlike African slaves they were not valuable and could be purchased for very little. This was no indentured servitude but actual slavery. These people were shipped to australia and the america’s. There isnt a race today that at some time hasnt been held as slaves. Look at Africa today along with the middle east. All sre still allowed to own slaves and roughly 27 million human beings are held today there. So, if those afrcan slaves of old had never been brought here the likely hood that they would have been slaves anyways is high. what more is their many following generations would also have been slaves. Yes, American’s blacks of this modern era would more than likely be slaves today if their ancestors would not have been brought here. Sad and sick to think about.

  • Frank Jaeger

    Modern white europeans have only been in existence for about 55,000 years. Modern Humans have been here for 200,000 years our ancestor 6 million year. Africans enslaving other african for around 150,000 years! Blacks have been their own worst enemy!!!

  • http://batman-news.com TruthFinder

    Not a well researched article (I really wish non-historians would quit thinking they are experts).

    For example, the author claims that US slaves had better living conditions than slaves in South America (claiming most died quickly). As “evidence” she says that’s why there aren’t large black populations in South America. That’s wrong.

    Let’s compare just the US and Brazil (reasonable close population sizes). The White/Black ratio in the US is 6:1. The White/Black ratio in Brazil is about 6 1/2:1 (not a big difference). The real difference is evident when you look at the ratio of White/Brown (mixed race) in Brazil. It’s close to 1:1. Why? Because Brazil openly accepted mixed race marriage centuries before the US overturned state laws against it in 1967 (that’s right, 1967!). Brazilian settlers often married their female slaves and the children were free citizens.

    The truth of the matter is that the recent “we weren’t so bad” (“ONLY” 4.5 million enslaved humans in 1850) argument some are trying to use to clear the US of it’s past guilt are generally full of historic inaccuracies. This article is no different.

  • Moliminous

    AND 300,000 Americans (caucasian Americans–legal citizens) fought and died to eliminate slavery. The majority of slave-owners were BLACK. Where’s the umbrage over them? The problems in the black community today stems from the same mind-set. And let’s don’t forget that there were both WHITE and BLACK slaves in the early American colonies. I don’t see or hear those caucasian ancestors revolting and decrying racism.

  • xteeth

    To whitewash is a metaphor
    meaning “to gloss over or cover up vices, crimes or scandals or to
    exonerate by means of a perfunctory investigation or through biased
    presentation of data”.[1] It is especially used in the context of corporations, governments or other organizations.