The introduction of European firearms to Japan was a success story in many ways. In 1543, Portuguese traders arrived in Japan and introduced firearms to the local population. At the time, Portugal was a leader in 15th century sailing innovations and applied them to new territories. It was the Portuguese that developed the caravel, a sailing vessel that could sail against the wind. In the same way, the Portuguese had become a leading nation in the Indian Ocean trade, which benefited the Europeans.
As a result, Japan has one of the lowest rates of gun homicide in the world. In 2017, Japan only recorded one gun homicide. In addition, most guns were illegal in Japan, and their ownership rate is very low. That means that the country had a low crime rate. However, some experts say the low crime rate in Japan may be a factor. In the meantime, there are a few studies that suggest that the introduction of European firearms to Japan was an important factor in the rise of the modern centralized feudal state.
Europe introduced gunpowder, Christianity, and firearms to Japan. Despite the negative impact on Japanese culture, some lords welcomed the introduction of European weapons, including the Japanese shogun. However, this resulted in many savage deaths, mainly due to retaliation for treason. In addition, the Europeans traded guns for slaves and brought the disease of tuberculosis. These weapons also led to the gender problems in Angola, which is a nation in west-central Africa.
Firearms were first introduced to Japan by Portuguese adventurers in 1543. After the Portuguese sailors shipwrecked near the island of Tanegashima, Japanese gunmakers produced the matchlock pistol, which is based on the imported weapons. Matchlock pistols became a popular feature of battles in the 1570s and the 16th century. They were a popular weapon among the samurai.
The Portuguese introduced European firearms to Japan during the Momoyama and early Edo periods. These firearms were welcomed by Japanese warlords. They quickly realized their usefulness, and within a decade they were widely produced. Traditional Japanese armour was ineffective against the matchlock, and Japanese infantry soon replaced cavalry as the most important element of warfare. In 1575, Oda Nobunaga’s victory was largely due to the volleys of his infantrymen.
The introduction of firearms to Japan was also a part of Japan’s modernization. The Tokugawa shogunate was replaced by the Meiji emperor. Reforms were carried out rapidly, and within twenty-five years, Japan was ready to assert itself against China. In 1868, the Qing dynasty ruled the vast empire, but the European invasion and development had weakened the Qing dynasty.